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THE HISTORY OF CITROňN

 

Andrť CitroŽn (1878-1935), son of a Dutch diamond dealer , was working in 1912 for the car producer Mors. In 1913 CitroŽn left Mors and started his own company. During the first years CitroŽn was producing gearboxes and munition for the french army. In 1918 he transformed his munition factory into a carproduction factory , (like Henry Ford did in the USA) The first CitroŽn was introduced on the 5th of July 1919. The type A was the first car with fully fitted electrical equipment that could resist all types of weather. In 1912 , 22.700 models were delivered , an absolute record in Europe for that time.

CitroŽn Traction Avant 15 SIX - Historia 1

The 1st Citroen, Model A 1919

Andre Citroen at 40 years of age

CitroŽn Traction Avant 15 SIX - Historia 1

The 1st Ciroen Traction Avant, Model 7, 1934

1 9 3 4 THE YEAR OF CITROňN

In 1933 CitroŽn met an engineer , called Andrť Lefebvre. His revolutionary ideas about car technology made a great impact on Andrť CitroŽn. The same year , the green light was given to a secret project : PROJECT 7.
In March 1933 , a team of engineers consisting of Lefebvre , Julien , Sainturat Franchiset and designer Flaminio Bertoni started to develop a revolutionary car. On the 15th of April 1934 the first CitroŽn Traction Avant 7 CV was introduced to the press. What a design !!!
The team created a new CitroŽn within 13 months . An incredible achievement ! The Traction Avant was far ahead itīs time. The self-contained bodywork , the modern design , the suspension and front-wheel drive were very unique for that time. The introduction of the Traction Avant was a success but CitroŽn needed a financial injection to overcome production failures. The company was under a lot of pressure and in 1935 CitroŽn was taken over by Michelin. In the same year Francois Lecot , (who successfully tested the Traction Avant in 1934) drove 200.000 km with an Traction Avant 11 CV over one year. A remarkable achievement that Andrť CitroŽn unfortunately didn't witness, as he died in 1935.

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